This patch adds support for the /HOTPATCH flag: https://docs.microsoft.com/sv-se/cpp/build/reference/hotpatch-create-hotpatchable-image?view=msvc-170&viewFallbackFrom=vs-2019
The flag is translated to a new -fms-hotpatch flag, which in turn adds a patchable-function attribute for each function in the TU. This is then picked up by the PatchableFunction pass which would generate a TargetOpcode::PATCHABLE_OP of minsize = 2 (which means the target instruction must resolve to at least two bytes). TargetOpcode::PATCHABLE_OP is only implemented for x86/x64. When targetting ARM/ARM64, /hotpatch isn't required (instructions are always 2/4 bytes and suitable for hotpatching).
Additionally, when using /Z7, we generate a 'hot patchable' flag in the CodeView debug stream, in the S_COMPILE3 record. This flag is then picked up by LLD (or link.exe) and is used in conjunction with the linker /FUNCTIONPADMIN flag to generate extraneous space before each function, to accommodate for live patching. Please see: https://github.com/llvm/llvm-project/blob/d703b922961e0d02a5effdd4bfbb23ad50a3cc9f/lld/COFF/Writer.cpp#L1298