- GNU ld places non-SHF_ALLOC sections after SHF_ALLOC sections. This has the advantage that the file offsets of a non-SHF_ALLOC cannot be contained in a PT_LOAD. This patch matches the behavior.
- For non-SHF_ALLOC non-orphan sections, GNU ld may assign non-zero sh_addr and treat them similar to SHT_NOBITS (not advance location counter). This is an alternative approach to what we have done in D85100. By placing non-SHF_ALLOC sections at the end, we can drop special cases in createSection and findOrphanPos added by D85100.
Different from GNU ld, we set sh_addr to 0 for non-SHF_ALLOC sections. 0 arguably is better because non-SHF_ALLOC sections don't appear in the memory image.
ELF spec says:
sh_addr - If the section will appear in the memory image of a process, this
member gives the address at which the section's first byte should
reside. Otherwise, the member contains 0.
D85100 appeared to take a detour. If we take a combined view on D85100 and this
patch, the overall complexity slightly increases (one more 3-line loop) and
compatibility with GNU ld improves.
The behavior we don't want to match is the special treatment of .symtab
.shstrtab .strtab: they can be matched in LLD but not in GNU ld.