nvcc supports accessing file-scope static device variables in host code by host APIs
like cudaMemcpyToSymbol etc.
CUDA/HIP let users access device variables in host code by shadow variables. In host compilation,
clang emits a shadow variable for each device variable, and calls __*RegisterVariable to
register it in init function. The address of the shadow variable and the device side mangled
name of the device variable is passed to __*RegisterVariable. Runtime looks up the symbol
by name in the device binary (so called code object, which is actually elf format) to find the
address of the device variable.
The problem with static device variables is that they have internal linkage, therefore their
name may be changed by the linker if there are multiple symbols with the same name. Also
they end up as local symbols in the elf file, whereas the runtime only look up the global symbols.
To support accessing static device var in host code for -fno-gpu-rdc mode, change the intnernal
linkage to external linkage. The name does not need change since there is only one TU for
-fno-gpu-rdc mode. Also the externalization is done only if the device static var is referenced
by host code.