--oformat=binary is rare (used in a few places in FreeBSD, see stand/i386/mbr/Makefile LDFLAGS_BIN)
The result should be identical to a normal output transformed by objcopy -O binary.
The current implementation ignores addresses and lays out sections by
respecting output section alignments. It can fail when an output section
address is specified, e.g. .rodata ALIGN(16) : (PR33651).
Fix PR33651 by respecting LMA. The code is similar to
tools/llvm-objcop/ELF/Object.cpp BinaryWriter::finalize after D71035 and D79229.
Unforunately for an output section without PT_LOAD, we assume its LMA is equal
to its VMA. So the result is still incorrect when an output section LMA
(AT(...)) is specified
Also drop alignTo(off, config->wordsize). GNU ld does not round up the file size.