This patch is a replacement for D41341.
This patch adds a new function attribute "required-vector-width" that can be set by the frontend to indicate the maximum vector width present in the original source code. The idea is that this would be set based on ABI requirements, intrinsics or explicit vector types being used, maybe simd pragmas, etc. The backend will then use this information to determine if its save to make 512-bit vectors illegal when the preference is for 256-bit vectors.
For code that has no vectors in it originally and only get vectors through the loop and slp vectorizers this allows us to generate code largely similar to our AVX2 only output while still enabling AVX512 features like mask registers and gather/scatter. The loop vectorizer doesn't always obey TTI and will create oversized vectors with the expectation the backend will legalize it. In order to avoid changing the vectorizer and potentially harm our AVX2 codegen this patch tries to make the legalizer behavior similar.
This is restricted to CPUs that support AVX512F and AVX512VL so that we have good fallback options to use 128 and 256-bit vectors and still get masking.
I've qualified every place I could find in X86ISelLowering.cpp and added tests cases for many of them with 2 different values for the attribute to see the codegen differences.
We still need to do frontend work for the attribute and teach the inliner how to merge it, etc. But this gets the codegen layer ready for it.