The debug mode has been broken pretty much ever since it was shipped
because it was possible to enable the debug mode in user code without
actually enabling it in the dylib, leading to ODR violations that
caused various kinds of failures.
This commit makes the debug mode a knob that is configured when
building the library and which can't be changed afterwards. This is
less flexible for users, however it will actually work as intended
and it will allow us, in the future, to add various kinds of checks
that do not assume the same ABI as the normal library. Furthermore,
this will make the debug mode more robust, which means that vendors
might be more tempted to support it properly, which hasn't been the
case with the current debug mode.
This patch shouldn't break any user code, except folks who are building
against a library that doesn't have the debug mode enabled and who try
to enable the debug mode in their code. Such users will get a compile-time
error explaining that this configuration isn't supported anymore.
In the future, we should increase the granularity of the debug mode
checks so that we can cherry-pick which checks to enable. Furthermore,
a subset of checks that are currently marked as requiring a matching
dylib may be relaxed to not require that (such as the consistent