As noted in PR45210: https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=45210
...the bug is triggered as Eli say when sext(idx) * ElementSize overflows.
// assume that GV is an array of 4-byte elements GEP = gep GV, 0, Idx // this is accessing Idx * 4 L = load GEP ICI = icmp eq L, value => ICI = icmp eq Idx, NewIdx
The foldCmpLoadFromIndexedGlobal function simplifies GEP+load operation to icmp.
And there is a problem because Idx * ElementSize can overflow.
Let's assume that the wanted value is at offset 0.
Then, there are actually four possible values for Idx to match offset 0: 0x00..00, 0x40..00, 0x80..00, 0xC0..00.
We should return true for all these values, but currently, the new icmp only returns true for 0x00..00.
This problem can be solved by masking off (trailing zeros of ElementSize) bits from Idx.
... => Idx' = and Idx, 0x3F..FF ICI = icmp eq Idx', NewIdx