This pass transforms SCF.ForOp operations to SCF.WhileOp. The For loop condition is placed in the 'before' region of the while operation, and indctuion variable incrementation + the loop body in the 'after' region. The loop carried values of the while op are the induction variable (IV) of the for-loop + any iter_args specified for the for-loop.
Any 'yield' ops in the for-loop are rewritten to additionally yield the (incremented) induction variable.
This transformation is useful for passes where we want to consider structured control flow solely on the basis of a loop body and the computation of a loop condition. As an example, when doing high-level synthesis in CIRCT, the incrementation of an IV in a for-loop is "just another part" of a circuit datapath, and what we really care about is the distinction between our datapath and our control logic (the condition variable).