fork() wasn't well (or at all) supported in Scudo. This materialized
in deadlocks in children.
In order to properly support fork, we will lock the allocator pre-fork
and unlock it post-fork in parent and child. This is done via a
pthread_atfork call installing the necessary handlers.
A couple of things suck here: this function allocates - so this has to
be done post initialization as our init path is not reentrant, and it
doesn't allow for an extra pointer - so we can't pass the allocator we
are currently working with.
In order to work around this, I added a post-init template parameter
that gets executed once the allocator is initialized for the current
thread. Its job for the C wrappers is to install the atfork handlers.
I reorganized a bit the impacted area and added some tests, courtesy
of cferris@ that were deadlocking prior to this fix.
Edit: checking if this triggers presubmit.