We can't use short granules with stack instrumentation when targeting older
API levels because the rest of the system won't understand the short granule
tags stored in shadow memory.
Moreover, we need to be able to let old binaries (which won't understand
short granule tags) run on a new system that supports short granule
tags. Such binaries will call the hwasan_tag_mismatch function when their
outlined checks fail. We can compensate for the binary's lack of support
for short granules by implementing the short granule part of the check in
the hwasan_tag_mismatch function. Unfortunately we can't do anything about
inline checks, but I don't believe that we can generate these by default on
aarch64, nor did we do so when the ABI was fixed.
A new function, __hwasan_tag_mismatch_v2, is introduced that lets code
targeting the new runtime avoid redoing the short granule check. Because tag
mismatches are rare this isn't important from a performance perspective; the
main benefit is that it introduces a symbol dependency that prevents binaries
targeting the new runtime from running on older (i.e. incompatible) runtimes.