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Fix infinite recursion when calling C++ template functions

Authored by friss on Apr 23 2019, 3:47 PM.



When we encounter a templated function in the debug information, we
were creating an AST that looked like this:

FunctionTemplateDecl 0x12980ab90 <<invalid sloc>> <invalid sloc> foo<int>
|-TemplateTypeParmDecl 0x12980aad0 <<invalid sloc>> <invalid sloc> class depth 0 index 0 T
|-FunctionDecl 0x12980aa30 <<invalid sloc>> <invalid sloc> foo<int> 'int (int)' extern
| |-TemplateArgument type 'int'
| `-ParmVarDecl 0x12980a998 <<invalid sloc>> <invalid sloc> t1 'int'
`-FunctionDecl 0x12980aa30 <<invalid sloc>> <invalid sloc> foo<int> 'int (int)' extern
  |-TemplateArgument type 'int'
  `-ParmVarDecl 0x12980a998 <<invalid sloc>> <invalid sloc> t1 'int'

Note that the FunctionTemplateDecl has 2 children which are identical (as
in have the same address). This is not what Clang is doing:

FunctionTemplateDecl 0x7f89d206c6f8 </tmp/template.cpp:1:1, line:4:1> line:2:5 foo
|-TemplateTypeParmDecl 0x7f89d206c4a8 <line:1:10, col:19> col:19 referenced typename depth 0 index 0 T
|-FunctionDecl 0x7f89d206c660 <line:2:1, line:4:1> line:2:5 foo 'int (T)'
| `-ParmVarDecl 0x7f89d206c570 <col:9, col:11> col:11 t1 'T'
`-FunctionDecl 0x7f89d206cb60 <line:2:1, line:4:1> line:2:5 used foo 'int (int)'
  |-TemplateArgument type 'int'
  `-ParmVarDecl 0x7f89d206ca68 <col:9, col:11> col:11 t1 'int':'int'

The 2 chidlren are different and actually repesent different things: the first
one is the unspecialized version and the second one is specialized. (Just looking
at the names shows another major difference which is that we create the parent
with a name of "foo<int>" when it should be just "foo".)

The fact that we have those 2 identical children confuses the ClangImporter
and generates an infinite recursion (reported in
We cannot create the unspecialized version as the debug information doesn't
contain a mapping from the template parameters to their use in the prototype.

This patch just creates 2 different FunctionDecls for those 2 children of the
FunctionTemplateDecl. This avoids the infinite recursion and allows us to
call functions. As the XFAILs in the added test show, we've still got issues
in our handling of templates. I believe they are mostly centered on the fact
that we create do not register "foo" as a template, but "foo<int>". This is
a bigger change that will need changes to the debug information generation.
I believe this change makes sense on its own.

Diff Detail


Event Timeline

friss created this revision.Apr 23 2019, 3:47 PM
aprantl edited the summary of this revision. (Show Details)Apr 23 2019, 3:53 PM

Love having the AST output available so we can compare real to DWARF converted stuff!

LGTM. Jim should ok too.

jingham accepted this revision.Apr 24 2019, 12:32 PM

This seems like an okay workaround.

This revision is now accepted and ready to land.Apr 24 2019, 12:32 PM
This revision was automatically updated to reflect the committed changes.
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