Added a pair of APIs for encoding/decoding the 3 components of a DWARF discriminator described in http://lists.llvm.org/pipermail/llvm-dev/2016-October/106532.html: the base discriminator, the duplication factor (useful in profile-guided optimization) and the copy index (used to identify copies of code in cases like loop unrolling)
The encoding packs 3 unsigned values in 32 bits. This CL addresses 2 issues:
- communicates overflow back to the user
- supports encoding all 3 components together. Current APIs assume a sequencing of events. For example, creating a new discriminator based on an existing one by changing the base discriminator was not supported.