Some variables show up in Visual Studio as "optimized out" even in -O0
-Od builds. This change fixes two issues that would cause this to
happen. The first issue is that not all DIExpressions we generate were
recognized by the CodeView writer. This has been addressed by adding
support for DW_OP_constu, DW_OP_minus, and DW_OP_plus. The second
issue is that we had no way to encode DW_OP_deref in CodeView. We get
around that by changinge the type we encode in the debug info to be
a reference to the type in the source code.
This fixes PR34261.