This is a follow-up suggested in D51630 and originally proposed as an IR transform in D49040.
Copying the motivational statement by @evandro from that patch:
"This transformation helps some benchmarks in SPEC CPU2000 and CPU2006, such as 188.ammp, 447.dealII, 453.povray, and especially 300.twolf, as well as some proprietary benchmarks. Otherwise, no regressions on x86-64 or A64."
I'm proposing to add only the minimum support for a DAG node here. Since we don't have an LLVM IR intrinsic for cbrt, and there are no other DAG ways to create a FCBRT node yet, I don't think we need to worry about DAG builder, legalization, a strict variant, etc. We should be able to expand as needed when adding more functionality/transforms. For reference, these are transform suggestions currently listed in SimplifyLibCalls.cpp:
// * cbrt(expN(X)) -> expN(x/3) // * cbrt(sqrt(x)) -> pow(x,1/6) // * cbrt(cbrt(x)) -> pow(x,1/9)
Also, given that we bail out on long double for now, I don't think there will be any logical differences between platforms, but let me know if you'd like to see test coverage for other targets.