Introduce a new transformation on structured ops that splits the iteration
space into two parts along the specified dimension. The index at which the
splitting happens may be static or dynamic. This transformation can be seen as
a rudimentary form of index-set splitting that only supports the splitting
along hyperplanes parallel to the iteration space hyperplanes, and is therefore
decomposable into per-dimension application.
It is a key low-level transformation that enables independent scheduling for
different parts of the iteration space of the same op, which hasn't been
possible previously. It may be used to implement, e.g., multi-sized tiling. In
future, peeling can be implemented as a combination of split-off amount
computation and splitting.
The transformation is conceptually close to tiling in its separation of the
iteration and data spaces, but cannot be currently implemented on top of
TilingInterface as the latter does not properly support linalg.index
Note that the transformation intentionally bypasses folding of
tensor.extract_slice operations when creating them as this folding was found
to prevent repeated splitting of the same operation because due to internal
assumptions about extract/insert_slice combination in dialect utilities.