When the locale is not some UTF-8 these tests fail.
(different results for python2 linked gdbs vs. python3
but same issue)
Setting the locale just for the test works around this.
By default Ubuntu comes with just C.UTF-8. I've chosen
to use en_US.UTF-8 instead given that my Mac doesn't have
the former and there's a slim chance this test might run there.
This also enables the u16string tests which are now passing.