This is not a NFC, although it does not change any of the existing tests.
I'm not really sure if we should have specific tests for the cost modelling itself.
This is the first patch that actually makes SCEVExpander::isHighCostExpansionHelper()
account for the cost of the SCEV expression, and consider the budget available,
by modelling cast expressions.
I believe the logic itself is "pretty obviously correct" - from budget,
we need to subtract the cost of the cast expression from inner type Op->getType()
to the S->getType() type, and recurse into the expression we are casting.