Fix EntrySize, Size, and Align before doing layout calculation.
As a side cleanup, this removes a dependence on sizeof(Elf_Sym) within BinaryReader, so we can untemplatize that.
This unblocks a cleaner implementation of handling the -O<format> flag. See D53667 for a previous attempt. Actual implementation of the -O<format> flag will come in an upcoming commit, this is largely a NFC (although not _totally_ one, because alignment on binary input was actually wrong before).