Previously ubsan_standalone used the GetEnv function to read the
environment variables UBSAN_OPTIONS and UBSAN_SYMBOLIZER_PATH. The
problem with GetEnv is that it does not respect changes to the
environment variables made using the libc setenv function, which
prevents clients from setting environment variables to configure
ubsan before loading ubsan-instrumented libraries.
The reason why we have GetEnv is that some runtimes need to read
environment variables while they initialize using .preinit_array,
and getenv does not work while .preinit_array functions are being
called. However, it is unnecessary for ubsan_standalone to initialize
that early. So this change switches ubsan_standalone to using getenv
and removes the .preinit_array entry. The static version of the runtime
still ends up being initialized using a C++ constructor that exists
to support the shared runtime.