This change adds a new function, CodeGen::getFieldNumber, that
enables a user of clang's code generation to get the field number
in a generated LLVM IR struct that corresponds to a particular field
in a C struct.
It is important to expose this information in Clang's code generation
interface because there is no reasonable way for users of Clang's code
generation to get this information. In particular:
- LLVM struct types do not include field names.
- Clang adds a non-trivial amount of logic to the code generation of LLVM IR types for structs, in particular to handle padding and bit fields.