Reduce the range-reduction table size from 128 entries down to 64 entries, and
reduce the polynomial's degree from 6 down to 4.
Currently we use a degree-6 minimax polynomial on an interval of length 2^-7
around 0 to compute exp2f. Based on the suggestion of @santoshn and the RLIBM
it is possible to have a good polynomial of degree-4 on a subinterval of length
2^(-6) to approximate 2^x.
We did try to either reduce the degree of the polynomial down to 3 or increase
the interval size to 2^(-5), but in both cases the number of exceptional values
exploded. So we settle with using a degree-4 polynomial of the interval of
size 2^(-6) around 0.