Implement the second entry point for GET_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE. Reuse
existing bits and pieces wherever possible.
This patch also increases CFI_* error codes in order to avoid conflicts.
GET_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE is required to return a status of 1 if an
environment variable does not exist and 2 if environment variables are
not supported. However, if we add status codes for that they will
conflict with CFI_ERROR_BASE_ADDR_NULL and CFI_ERROR_BASE_ADDR_NOT_NULL,
which are also 1 and 2 at the moment. We therefore move all CFI error
codes up (an arbitrary) 10 spots to make room. Hopefully this isn't
a problem, since we weren't matching the CFI error codes that gfortran
uses anyway. It may still be an issue if any other runtime functions
will need to return a status of 1 or 2, but we should probably deal with
that when/if it occurs.