Currently IPSCCP (and others like CVP/GVN) blindly propagate pointer
equalities. In certain cases, that leads to dereferenceable pointers
being replaced, as in the example test case.
I think this is not allowed, as it introduces an access of an
un-dereferenceable pointer. Note that the pointer is inbounds, but one
past the last element, so it is valid, but not dereferenceable.
This patch is mostly to highlight the issue and start a discussion.
Currently it only checks for specifically looking
one-past-the-last-element pointers with array typed bases.
This causes the mis-compile outlined in
In the test case, if we replace %p with the GEP for the store, we
subsequently determine that the store and the load cannot alias, because
they are to different underlying objects.
Note that Alive2 seems to think that the replacement is valid: