As part of speculation hardening, the stack pointer gets masked with the
taint register (X16) before a function call or before a function return.
Since there are no instructions that can directly mask writing to the
stack pointer, the stack pointer must first be transferred to another
register, where it can be masked, before that value is transferred back
to the stack pointer.
Before, that temporary register was always picked to be x17, since the
ABI allows clobbering x17 on any function call, resulting in the
following instruction pattern being inserted before function calls and
mov x17, sp and x17, x17, x16 mov sp, x17
However, x17 can be live in those locations, for example when the call
is an indirect call, using x17 as the target address (blr x17).
To fix this, this patch looks for an available register just before the
call or terminator instruction and uses that.
In the rare case when no register turns out to be available (this
situation is only encountered twice across the whole test-suite), just
insert a full speculation barrier at the start of the basic block where