The `file_time_type` time point is used to represent the write times for files.
Its job is to act as part of a C++ wrapper for less ideal system interfaces. The
underlying filesystem uses the `timespec` struct for the same purpose.
However, the initial implementation of `file_time_type` could not represent
either the range or resolution of `timespec`, making it unsuitable. Fixing
this requires an implementation which uses more than 64 bits to store the
I primarily considered two solutions: Using `__int128_t` and using a
arithmetic emulation of `timespec`. Each has its pros and cons, and both
come with more than one complication.
However, after a lot of consideration, I decided on using __int128_t. This patch implements that change.
Please see the FileTimeType Design Document for more information.