In ValueMapper we create new operands for MDNodes and
rely on MDNode::replaceWithUniqued to create a new MDNode
with the specified operands. However this doesn't always
actually happen correctly for DISubprograms because when we
uniquify the new node, we only odr-compare it with existing nodes
the TemplateParameters field can refer to a distinct DICompileUnit via
DITemplateTypeParameter::type -> DICompositeType::scope -> DISubprogram::unit,
it is not currently included in the odr comparison. As a result, we can end
up getting our original DISubprogram back, which means we will have a cloned
module referring to the DICompileUnit in the original module, which causes
a verification error.
The fix I implemented was to consider TemplateParameters to be one of the
odr-equal properties. But I'm a little uncomfortable with this. In general it
seems unsound to rely on distinct MDNodes never being reachable from nodes
which we only check odr-equality of. My only long term suggestion would be
to separate odr-uniquing from full uniquing.
Test case to come.