[CUDA] Make unattributed constexpr functions implicitly host+device.
With this patch, by a constexpr function is implicitly host+device
a) it's a variadic function (variadic functions are not allowed on the device side), or
b) it's preceeded by a device overload in a system header.
The restriction on overloading host device functions on the
basis of their CUDA attributes remains in place, but we use (b) to allow
us to define device overloads for constexpr functions in cmath,
which would otherwise be host device and thus not overloadable.
You can disable this behavior with -fno-cuda-host-device-constexpr.