In llvm, for non-alu32 mode, the stack alignment is 64bit so only one
64bit spill per 64bit slot. For alu32 mode, the stack alignment
is 32bit, so it is possible to have two 32bit spills per
Currently, bpf kernel verifier does not preserve register states
for 32bit spills. That is, one 32bit register may hold a constant
value or a bounded range before spill. After reload from the
stack, the information is lost and sometimes this may cause
verifier failure. For 64bit register spill, the verifier
indeed tries to preserve the register state for reloading.
The current verifier can be modestly changed to handle one
32bit spill per 64bit stack slot with state-preserving reload.
Handling two 32bit spills per 64bit stack slot will require
This patch changes stack alignment for alu32 to be 64bit.
This way, for any 64bit slot in alu32 mode, only one
32bit or 64bit register values can be saved. Together
with previous-mentioned verifier enhancement, 32bit
spill can be handled with state preserving.
Note that llvm stack slot coallescing
seems only doing adjacent packing which may leave some holes
in the stack. For example,
stack slot 8 <== 8 bytes stack slot 4 <== 8 bytes with 4 byte hole stack slot 8 <== 8 bytes stack slot 4 <== 4 bytes