This addresses a regression where pretty much all C++ compilations using
-frounding-math now fail, due to rounding being performed in constexpr
function definitions in the standard library.
This follows the "manifestly constant evaluated" approach described in
https://reviews.llvm.org/D87528#2270676 -- evaluations that are required
to succeed at compile time are permitted even in regions with dynamic
rounding modes, as are (unfortunately) the evaluation of the
initializers of local variables of const integral types.