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Add optimization to basic_string::assign for compile-time known constant values.
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Authored by mvels on Jun 19 2020, 11:25 AM.

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Summary

This change optimizes the assign() methods for string where either the contents or lengths are compile time known constants. For small strings (< min_cap) we can execute the assignment entirely inline. For strings up to 128 bytes we allow the compiler to efficiently inline the copy operation after we call the offline __resize<>() method. Short / long branches are taken at the call site for better branch prediction and allowing FDO optimizations.

Benchmarks (unstable / google perflab):

name                                                old time/op             new time/op             delta
BM_StringAssignAsciiz_Empty_Opaque                  5.69ns ± 7%             5.97ns ± 7%     ~             (p=0.056 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciiz_Empty_Transparent             5.39ns ± 7%             0.79ns ± 8%  -85.36%          (p=0.008 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciiz_Small_Opaque                  11.2ns ± 5%             11.0ns ± 6%     ~             (p=0.548 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciiz_Small_Transparent             10.1ns ± 7%              1.0ns ± 8%  -89.76%          (p=0.008 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciiz_Large_Opaque                  23.5ns ± 7%             23.8ns ± 7%     ~             (p=0.841 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciiz_Large_Transparent             21.4ns ± 7%             12.7ns ± 7%  -40.83%          (p=0.008 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciiz_Huge_Opaque                    336ns ± 4%              327ns ± 7%     ~             (p=0.421 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciiz_Huge_Transparent               331ns ± 5%              324ns ± 7%     ~             (p=0.548 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciizMix_Opaque                     13.6ns ±10%             13.7ns ± 9%     ~             (p=0.690 n=5+5)
BM_StringAssignAsciizMix_Transparent                12.9ns ± 8%              3.6ns ± 8%  -71.82%          (p=0.008 n=5+5)

Diff Detail

Event Timeline

mvels created this revision.Jun 19 2020, 11:25 AM
Herald added a project: Restricted Project. · View Herald TranscriptJun 19 2020, 11:25 AM
Herald added a reviewer: Restricted Project. · View Herald Transcript
EricWF accepted this revision.Jun 19 2020, 1:33 PM
EricWF added inline comments.
libcxx/include/string
2504–2508

A brief comment here would be appreciated as to what the "_LIBCPP_BUILTIN_CONSTANT_P` magic is doing here.

This revision is now accepted and ready to land.Jun 19 2020, 1:33 PM
This revision was automatically updated to reflect the committed changes.