Before this patch, feature-test macros didn't take special availability
markup into account, which means that feature-test macros can sometimes
appear to "lie". For example, if you compile in C++20 mode and target
macOS 10.13, the __cpp_lib_filesystem feature-test macro will be provided
even though the <filesystem> declarations are marked as unavailable.
This patch fixes that.
(cherry picked from commit 76fc35752d19ac605c1c1fd757af9c7c3bb4a906)