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[IRGen] Evaluate constant static variables referenced through member

Description

[IRGen] Evaluate constant static variables referenced through member
expressions

C++ allows us to reference static variables through member expressions. Prior to
this commit, non-integer static variables that were referenced using a member
expression were always emitted using lvalue loads. The old behaviour introduced
an inconsistency between regular uses of static variables and member expressions
uses. For example, the following program compiled and linked successfully:

struct Foo {

constexpr static const char *name = "foo";

};
int main() {

return Foo::name[0] == 'f';

}

but this program failed to link because "Foo::name" wasn't found:

struct Foo {

constexpr static const char *name = "foo";

};
int main() {

Foo f;
return f.name[0] == 'f';

}

This commit ensures that constant static variables referenced through member
expressions are emitted in the same way as ordinary static variable references.

rdar://33942261

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D36876

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