[ELF] Add -z separate-loadable-segments to complement separate-code and noseparate-code
D64906 allows PT_LOAD to have overlapping p_offset ranges. In the
default R RX RW RW layout + -z noseparate-code case, we do not tail pad
segments when transiting to another segment. This can save at most
a) Before D64906, we tail pad R, RX and the first RW.
b) With -z separate-code, we tail pad R and RX, but not the first RW (RELRO).
In some cases, b) saves one file page. In some cases, b) wastes one
virtual memory page. The waste is a concern on Fuchsia. Because it uses
compressed binaries, it doesn't benefit from the saved file page.
This patch adds -z separate-loadable-segments to restore the behavior before
D64906. It can affect section addresses and can thus be used as a
debugging mechanism (see PR43214 and ld.so partition bug in
Reviewed By: jakehehrlich, ruiu
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D67481