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[DwarfExpression] Disallow some rewrites to avoid undefined behavior

Description

[DwarfExpression] Disallow some rewrites to avoid undefined behavior

Summary:
The value operand in DW_OP_plus_uconst/DW_OP_constu value can be
large (it uses uint64_t as representation internally in LLVM).
This means that in the uint64_t to int conversions, previously done
by DwarfExpression::addMachineRegExpression, could lose information.
Also, the negation done in "-Offset" was undefined behavior in case
Offset was exactly INT_MIN.

To avoid the above problems, we now avoid transformation like
[Reg, DW_OP_plus_uconst, Offset] --> [DW_OP_breg, Offset]
and
[Reg, DW_OP_constu, Offset, DW_OP_plus] --> [DW_OP_breg, Offset]
when Offset > INT_MAX.

And we avoid to transform
[Reg, DW_OP_constu, Offset, DW_OP_minus] --> [DW_OP_breg,-Offset]
when Offset > INT_MAX+1.

The patch also adjusts DwarfCompileUnit::constructVariableDIEImpl
to make sure that "DW_OP_constu, Offset, DW_OP_minus" is used
instead of "DW_OP_plus_uconst, Offset" when creating DIExpressions
with negative frame index offsets.

Notice that this might just be the tip of the iceberg. There
are lots of fishy handling related to these constants. I think both
DIExpression::appendOffset and DIExpression::extractIfOffset may
trigger undefined behavior for certain values.

Reviewers: sdesmalen, rnk, JDevlieghere

Reviewed By: JDevlieghere

Subscribers: jholewinski, aprantl, hiraditya, ychen, uabelho, llvm-commits

Tags: debug-info, #llvm

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D67263