[Attributor] Create abstract attributes on-demand
Before, we create the set of abstract attributes initially and then
dealt with the fact hat a lookup could fail, e.g., return a nullptr.
This patch will ensure we always return a valid object from a lookup,
allowing us not only to remove the nullptr checks but also to grow the
set of abstract attributes "in-flight" on-demand.
One can now start from those that have the best chance of improving
performance without the need to specify all they might depend on.
While this introduces some boilerplate, the usage of attributes is much
easier and cleaner now.
Reviewers: uenoku, sstefan1
Subscribers: hiraditya, bollu, llvm-commits
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D66276