[ELF][ARM] Fix /DISCARD/ of section with .ARM.exidx section
The combineEhSections runs, by design, before processSectionCommands so
that input exception sections like .ARM.exidx and .eh_frame are not assigned
to OutputSections. Unfortunately if /DISCARD/ removes InputSections that
have associated .ARM.exidx sections without discarding the .ARM.exidx
synthetic section then we will end up crashing when trying to sort the
InputSections in ascending address order.
We fix this by filtering out the sections that have been discarded prior
to processing the InputSections in finalizeContents().
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D65759