[COFF] Optimize range extension thunk insertion memory usage
This avoids allocating O(#relocs) of intermediate data for each section
when range extension thunks aren't needed for that section. This also
removes a std::vector from SectionChunk, which further reduces its size.
Instead, this change adds the range extension thunk symbols to the
object files that contain sections that need extension thunks. By adding
them to the symbol table of the parent object, that means they now have
a symbol table index. Then we can then modify the original relocation,
after copying it to read-write memory, to use the new symbol table
This makes linking browser_tests.exe with no PDB 10.46% faster, moving
it from 11.364s to 10.288s averaged over five runs.
Reviewers: mstorsjo, ruiu
Subscribers: aganea, llvm-commits
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D59902