[MemorySSAUpdater] Remove deleted trivial Phis from active workset
Bug fix for PR37808. The regression test is a reduced version of the
original reproducer attached to the bug report. As stated in the report,
the problem was that InsertedPHIs was keeping dangling pointers to
deleted Memory-Phis. MemoryPhis are created eagerly and sometimes get
zapped shortly afterwards. I've used WeakVH instead of an expensive
removal operation from the active workset.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D48372