[InstCombine] refine UB-handling in shuffle-binop transform
As noted in rL333782, we can be both better for optimization and
safer with this transform:
BinOp (shuffle V1, Mask), C --> shuffle (BinOp V1, NewC), Mask
The only potentially unsafe-to-speculate binops are integer div/rem.
All other binops are always safe (although I don't see a way to
assert that in code here).
For opcodes like shifts that can produce poison, it can't matter
here because we know the lanes with undef are dropped by the
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D47686