Reland "[CodeGen] Fix crash when a function taking transparent union is…


Reland "[CodeGen] Fix crash when a function taking transparent union is redeclared."

When a function taking transparent union is declared as taking one of
union members earlier in the translation unit, clang would hit an
"Invalid cast" assertion during EmitFunctionProlog. This case
corresponds to function f1 in test/CodeGen/transparent-union-redecl.c.
We decided to cast i32 to union because after merging function
declarations function parameter type becomes int,
CGFunctionInfo::ArgInfo type matches with ABIArgInfo type, so we decide
it is a trivial case. But these types should also be castable to
parameter declaration type which is not the case here.

Now the fix is in converting from ABIArgInfo type to VarDecl type and using
argument demotion when necessary.

Additional tests in Sema/transparent-union.c capture current behavior and make
sure there are no regressions.


Reviewers: rjmccall, rafael

Reviewed By: rjmccall

Subscribers: aemerson, cfe-commits, kristof.beyls, ahatanak

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D41311