[c++17] Implement P0522R0 as written. This allows a template template argument
to be specified for a template template parameter whenever the parameter is at
least as specialized as the argument (when there's an obvious and correct
mapping from uses of the parameter to uses of the argument). For example, a
template with more parameters can be passed to a template template parameter
with fewer, if those trailing parameters have default arguments.
This is disabled by default, despite being a DR resolution, as it's fairly
broken in its current state: there are no partial ordering rules to cope with
template template parameters that have different parameter lists, meaning that
code that attempts to decompose template-ids based on arity can hit unavoidable
The diagnostics produced on a non-matching argument are also pretty bad right
now, but I aim to improve them in a subsequent commit.