Enable support for __float128 in Clang and enable it on pertinent platforms
It adds support for the __float128 keyword, literals and target feature to
enable it. Based on the latter of the two aforementioned reviews, this feature
is enabled on Linux on i386/X86 as well as SystemZ.
This is also the second attempt in commiting this feature. The first attempt
did not enable it on required platforms which caused failures when compiling
type_traits with -std=gnu++11.
If you see failures with compiling this header on your platform after this
commit, it is likely that your platform needs to have this feature enabled.