Introduce a "patchable-function" function attribute
The "patchable-function" attribute can be used by an LLVM client to
influence LLVM's code generation in ways that makes the generated code
easily patchable at runtime (for instance, to redirect control).
Right now only one patchability scheme is supported,
"prologue-short-redirect", but this can be expanded in the future.
Reviewers: joker.eph, rnk, echristo, dberris
Subscribers: joker.eph, echristo, mcrosier, llvm-commits
Differential Revision: http://reviews.llvm.org/D19046