[x86] Add a ZERO_EXTEND_VECTOR_INREG DAG node and use it when widening

Description

[x86] Add a ZERO_EXTEND_VECTOR_INREG DAG node and use it when widening
vector types to be legal and a ZERO_EXTEND node is encountered.

When we use widening to legalize vector types, extend nodes are a real
challenge. Either the input or output is likely to be legal, but in many
cases not both. As a consequence, we don't really have any way to
represent this situation and the prior code in the widening legalization
framework would just scalarize the extend operation completely.

This patch introduces a new DAG node to represent doing a zero extend of
a vector "in register". The core of the idea is to allow legal but
different vector types in the input and output. The output vector must
have fewer lanes but wider elements. The operation is defined to zero
extend the low elements of the input to the size of the output elements,
and drop all of the high elements which don't have a corresponding lane
in the output vector.

It also includes generic expansion of this node in terms of blending
a zero vector into the high elements of the vector and bitcasting
across. This in turn yields extremely nice code for x86 SSE2 when we use
the new widening legalization logic in conjunction with the new shuffle
lowering logic.

There is still more to do here. We need to support sign extension, any
extension, and potentially int-to-float conversions. My current plan is
to continue using similar synthetic nodes to model each of these
transitions with generic lowering code for each one.

However, with this patch LLVM already reaches performance parity with
GCC for the core C loops of the x264 code (assuming you disable the
hand-written assembly versions) when compiling for SSE2 and SSE3
architectures and enabling the new widening and lowering logic for
vectors.

Differential Revision: http://reviews.llvm.org/D4405