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[C++2a] Add __builtin_bit_cast, used to implement std::bit_cast

Authored by erik.pilkington on Jul 2 2019, 11:28 AM.

Description

[C++2a] Add __builtin_bit_cast, used to implement std::bit_cast

This commit adds a new builtin, __builtin_bit_cast(T, v), which performs a
bit_cast from a value v to a type T. This expression can be evaluated at
compile time under specific circumstances.

The compile time evaluation currently doesn't support bit-fields, but I'm
planning on fixing this in a follow up (some of the logic for figuring this out
is in CodeGen). I'm also planning follow-ups for supporting some more esoteric
types that the constexpr evaluator supports, as well as extending
__builtin_memcpy constexpr evaluation to use the same infrastructure.

rdar://44987528

Differential revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D62825

llvm-svn: 364954