[mlir] Fix TypeID lookup in GDB pretty printers.
The TypeID instance was moved in D89153.
It wasn't caught that it broke MLIR pretty printers because pre-merge checks don't run check-debuginfo.
Avoid disabling all MLIR printers in case this happens again by catching the exception.
Reviewed By: stellaraccident
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D90191