[ELF][AArch64] Support for BTI and PAC
Branch Target Identification (BTI) and Pointer Authentication (PAC) are
architecture features introduced in v8.5a and 8.3a respectively. The new
instructions have been added in the hint space so that binaries take
advantage of support where it exists yet still run on older hardware. The
impact of each feature is:
BTI: For executable pages that have been guarded, all indirect branches
must have a destination that is a BTI instruction of the appropriate type.
For the static linker, this means that PLT entries must have a "BTI c" as
the first instruction in the sequence. BTI is an all or nothing
property for a link unit, any indirect branch not landing on a valid
destination will cause a Branch Target Exception.
PAC: The dynamic loader encodes with PACIA the address of the destination
that the PLT entry will load from the .plt.got, placing the result in a
subset of the top-bits that are not valid virtual addresses. The PLT entry
may authenticate these top-bits using the AUTIA instruction before
branching to the destination. Use of PAC in PLT sequences is a contract
between the dynamic loader and the static linker, it is independent of
whether the relocatable objects use PAC.
BTI and PAC are independent features that can be combined. So we can have
several combinations of PLT:
- Standard with no BTI or PAC
- BTI PLT with "BTI c" as first instruction.
- PAC PLT with "AUTIA1716" before the indirect branch to X17.
- BTIPAC PLT with "BTI c" as first instruction and "AUTIA1716" before the first indirect branch to X17.
The use of BTI and PAC in relocatable object files are encoded by feature
bits in the .note.gnu.property section in a similar way to Intel CET. There
is one AArch64 specific program property GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_AND
and two target feature bits defined:
- All executable sections are compatible with BTI.
- All executable sections have return address signing enabled.
Due to the properties of FEATURE_1_AND the static linker can tell when all
input relocatable objects have the BTI and PAC feature bits set. The static
linker uses this to enable the appropriate PLT sequence.
Neither -> standard PLT
GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI -> BTI PLT
GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_PAC -> PAC PLT
Both properties -> BTIPAC PLT
In addition to the .note.gnu.properties there are two new command line
--force-bti : Act as if all relocatable inputs had
GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI and warn for every relocatable object
that does not.
--pac-plt : Act as if all relocatable inputs had
GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_PAC. As PAC is a contract between the loader
and static linker no warning is given if it is not present in an input.
Two processor specific dynamic tags are used to communicate that a non
standard PLT sequence is being used.
DTI_AARCH64_BTI_PLT and DTI_AARCH64_BTI_PAC.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D62609