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[Coverage] Revise format to reduce binary size

Authored by vsk on Oct 21 2019, 11:48 AM.

Description

[Coverage] Revise format to reduce binary size

Revise the coverage mapping format to reduce binary size by:

  1. Naming function records and marking them linkonce_odr, and
  2. Compressing filenames.

This shrinks the size of llc's coverage segment by 82% (334MB -> 62MB)
and speeds up end-to-end single-threaded report generation by 10%. For
reference the compressed name data in llc is 81MB (__llvm_prf_names).

Rationale for changes to the format:

  • With the current format, most coverage function records are discarded. E.g., more than 97% of the records in llc are *duplicate* placeholders for functions visible-but-not-used in TUs. Placeholders *are* used to show under-covered functions, but duplicate placeholders waste space.
  • We reached general consensus about giving (1) a try at the 2017 code coverage BoF [1]. The thinking was that using linkonce_odr to merge duplicates is simpler than alternatives like teaching build systems about a coverage-aware database/module/etc on the side.
  • Revising the format is expensive due to the backwards compatibility requirement, so we might as well compress filenames while we're at it. This shrinks the encoded filenames in llc by 86% (12MB -> 1.6MB).

See CoverageMappingFormat.rst for the details on what exactly has
changed.

Fixes PR34533 [2], hopefully.

[1] http://lists.llvm.org/pipermail/llvm-dev/2017-October/118428.html
[2] https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=34533

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D69471