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[LLD][ELF] Add the -z ifunc-noplt option

Authored by MaskRay on May 14 2019, 8:25 AM.

Description

[LLD][ELF] Add the -z ifunc-noplt option

Patch by Mark Johnston!

Summary:
When the option is configured, ifunc calls do not go through the PLT;
rather, they appear as regular function calls with relocations
referencing the ifunc symbol, and the resolver is invoked when
applying the relocation. This is intended for use in freestanding
environments where text relocations are permissible and is incompatible
with the -z text option. The option is motivated by ifunc usage in the
FreeBSD kernel, where ifuncs are used to elide CPU feature flag bit
checks in hot paths. Instead of replacing the cost of a branch with that
of an indirect function call, the -z ifunc-noplt option is used to ensure
that ifunc calls carry no hidden overhead relative to normal function
calls.

Test Plan:
I added a couple of regression tests and tested the FreeBSD kernel
build using the latest lld sources.

To demonstrate the effects of the change, I used a micro-benchmark
which results in frequent invocations of a FreeBSD kernel ifunc. The
benchmark was run with and without IBRS enabled, and with and without
-zifunc-noplt configured. The observed speedup is small and consistent,
and is significantly larger with IBRS enabled:

https://people.freebsd.org/~markj/ifunc-noplt/noibrs.txt
https://people.freebsd.org/~markj/ifunc-noplt/ibrs.txt

Reviewed By: ruiu, MaskRay

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D61613

llvm-svn: 360685

Details

Committed
MaskRayMay 14 2019, 8:25 AM
Reviewer
ruiu
Differential Revision
D61613: [LLD][ELF] Add the -z ifunc-noplt option
Parents
rGc2d9cfd9250d: [X86] Disable shouldFoldConstantShiftPairToMask for scalar shifts on AMD…
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