[DebugInfo] Avoid register coalesing unsoundly changing DBG_VALUE locations
Once MIR code leaves SSA form and the liveness of a vreg is considered,
DBG_VALUE insts are able to refer to non-live vregs, because their
debug-uses do not contribute to liveness. This non-liveness becomes
problematic for optimizations like register coalescing, as they can't
``see'' the debug uses in the liveness analyses.
As a result registers get coalesced regardless of debug uses, and that can
lead to invalid variable locations containing unexpected values. In the
added test case, the first vreg operand of ADD32rr is merged with various
copies of the vreg (great for performance), but a DBG_VALUE of the
unmodified operand is blindly updated to the modified operand. This changes
what value the variable will appear to have in a debugger.
Fix this by changing any DBG_VALUE whose operand will be resurrected by
register coalescing to be a $noreg DBG_VALUE, i.e. give the variable no
location. This is an overapproximation as some coalesced locations are
safe (others are not) -- an extra domination analysis would be required to
work out which, and it would be better if we just don't generate non-live
This fixes PR40010.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D56151